This week, I noticed something scary happening (and yes, Halloween is already over). Retail stores have exploded with wrapping paper, bows and garlands. Radio ads proclaim “Outdoor light sale, get a jump on your decorating!” And two days ago, one of my social media acquaintances proudly boasted that their Christmas presents were bought, wrapped and already placed underneath the decorated Christmas tree.
It was November 4th.
For those that are bothered by this, it’s easy enough to ignore the premature festivity. But there is one aspect that is harder to tune out, and you can bet it will be starting soon, if it hasn’t already.
The Christmas music.
Some love it. Some hate it. Marketing wisdom tells us that it puts shoppers in the “right frame of mind”, and encourages them to buy more. It’s hard to argue with this business strategy and its bottom-line results (see last year’s post Deck the Malls for an overview).
For this reason, I’ve been waiting for someone to take Christmas music to the next level. Now that the holiday season officially runs from November to January, the next logical step is to write a new carol that reflects our modern reality. The “61 days of Christmas” seems like an appropriate title. By my calculations, it would take several days of continuous play to reach the end, and it could be placed on an endless loop in retail stores. And think of the possibilities for product advertising! “On the 49th day of Christmas my true love gave to me, a Windows 8 Surface Tablet!” It could be changed up every year to reflect the hottest products.
Then, to my relief, I came across a news article that dissuaded my fears of a 24/7-carol-o-thon. This week, Shoppers Drug Mart found itself in hot water after pumping out the Christmas tunes on November 1st. Customers complained that the pharmacy giant had overstepped the unwritten rule of “No Christmas before Remembrance Day” and the soundtrack was yanked “until further notice”. I skimmed through the 100+ comments on the article and the consensus was overwhelming: “No Christmas before December 1st please”.
Will retailers hear the message? Or will it be lost in the chorus of “fa la la la la-s” and register “cha-chings”?
Do you think the Christmas hype starts too early? Or should retailers use every sales tool at their disposal?
What’s your favourite part about the movie theatre experience? Some, no doubt, would argue it’s the popcorn. It’s not difficult to see why as it’s certainly hard to ignore. From the moment you step out of your car you can already smell it, its buttery popcorn-y goodness encircling your nostrils. Suddenly, even the fullest of stomachs can make room.
But did you know that what you really smell is payday for the theatre? The theatre industry is dependent on concession sales for its profits and uses every method at its disposal to persuade you to buy more food. To boot, that popcorn smell is really diacetyl, the artificial butter chemical favoured for its anti-spoilage properties, but perhaps more valuable for its potent smell. This chemically enhanced popcorn smells even better than the real thing. The result? People open their wallets and their mouths.
Sure, good smelling food leading to more sales is not a giant leap. But did you know even non-food retailers are using scents to sell everyday products? This marketing technique is known as environmental fragrancing; businesses use smells to elicit emotions that encourage shoppers to spend more dough.
In the cracked.com article “6 ways your sense of smell is secretly controlling your mind”, the science behind the strategy is explained. Smells are interpreted by the limbic system, one of the oldest portions of the brain. This system subconsciously associates smells with emotions, without the interference of higher brain functions like logic and reasoning. These associations are both powerful, and long-lasting. It’s why we experience sudden flashbacks when encountering a stranger wearing the same brand of perfume or cologne as an ex-lover.
This strategy not only places shoppers in “the right frame of mind”, it actually makes them spend more too. The cracked.com article recounts one study that showed “sales of men’s and women’s clothing nearly doubled when ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ scents were used nearby, an effect that disappeared when the smells were reversed”. It’s the same reason that car manufacturers infuse cars with “new car smell”. It’s why grocery stores place high-priced items around fresh bread and coffee, and flowers are placed right at the entrance. And it’s why home sellers will bake fresh bread and cookies before their open house. Scents make us impulsive, which invariably leads to more sales.
The next time you’re out shopping, take note of what you smell. It could really be the scent of cold hard cash.
Do you use scent-based marketing strategies? As a consumer, have you noticed this strategy while shopping?
I have writer’s block, and I’ve had it for a few months now. I spend at least an hour a day staring at the keyboard, waiting for words to flow. Instead, they’re stuck behind a stress-induced wall in my brain and they can’t make their way onto the page. It usually takes a while, but I eventually come up with enough words to string together to make a coherent though. Caffeine helps this process.
For most people, feeling creatively barren isn’t a big deal in their job. Even I have to admit that while this debilitating condition has affected my blogging, for the most part I’m able to continue on with my 9-5 life as per normal. But then again, my job also tends to be about data and numbers and it doesn’t require a lot of imagination or artistry. If I was in a sales position, I’d have a much bigger problem.
Most people don’t pair creativity with salesmanship, but the two really do go hand-in-hand. Being a salesperson is more than selling a product. You have to be better, smarter, and faster about selling that product than the guy in the store next door that is selling the same product. What is going to make me pick your pitch over his? It’s not because of your tie or because I like your smile. It’s because you’ve said or done something to draw my attention to you. You’ve made yourself stand out in such a way that I can see you and nothing else.
For a lot of salespeople, creativity can be a problem. They didn’t sign up for their jobs because they had great ideas and needed an outlet for them. Most salespeople are involved in an industry that they have some sort of knowledge in and therefore they can speak intelligently about a product. And don’t misunderstand – that is a very valuable tool. But unless your company is the only one on the planet that sells that product, chances are high that you’re going to have some competition in the marketplace. Knowledge of the product won’t be enough to sell it – you’re going to have to come up with an unique approach to the sale.
So if you’re not a naturally creative person, what can you do to spark that side of your brain into waking up? There are tons of great suggestions to be found online for getting you and your sales force into an inspired state of mind. Beyond that, though, you need to have the creative mentality in place in your organization. Encourage your sales reps get together to brainstorm and communicate and think outside-the-box. The one of the biggest mistakes that most companies make is that they pit their sales reps against each other in a competition to see who can get the most sales/commission. And that will usually work….to a point. If you want to build a long-lasting relationship with a customer, the foundation needs to be stronger than a load of nonsense that was served up out of desperation because your sales agent had a power bill coming due. It needs to be about being memorable. I have to see something in you and your product that makes me keep coming back. I’ve got my own power bill to pay, so scamming me and making me regret the transaction probably isn’t going to accomplish much over the long run. But if you can put some thought and imagination and resourcefulness into an approach that is going to make me want to come back to you over and over again, then everyone will benefit from that burst of originality.
Do you see a need for creativity in sales? As a salesperson, what creative methods do you use?
This post is part 2 in a series on sales techniques. Click here to read part 1.
So now we understand that customers are defensive and resistant to contact upon entering the retail store. How do we break that paradigm and get the customers to see us as a necessary and helpful assistant in what is a difficult decision making process?
First of all, we must understand that sales at any level is equal parts “science” and “art”. Al most anyone can learn the science but the art is individual and is not as much learned as it is instinctive: hence the expression “he/she is a born salesperson”
As a salesperson you will be called upon at any given time to be a psychiatrist, an actor, an artist or technician.
The science of the initial contract is:
- Be busy, have something in your hand, appear to be going somewhere or engaged in a task. This makes you non-threatening to the customer. Never congregate with other salespeople or stand around the sales counter, etc.
- Never approach a customer from directly in front; people are protective of the space in front of them and even at a distance this is threatening.
- Catch their eye, smile, look away and go back to what you were doing. After a two count, say “Excuse me, may I ask you a question?” If you do this right, they will respond by meeting your eyes, and in some cases even taking a step toward you. From their perspective they are now meeting you for the SECOND time and your threat level has lowered. You must have a question ready that:
- Does not relate to business!
- Is open ended and cannot be easily answered by “yes or “no”
- Something as simple as “Is it still raining outside” can work, but it is better to be creative so try and ask something about them, maybe about their logo-ed clothing or a hat they are wearing. i.e.” I just love that jacket/ring/hat/shoes would you mind telling me where you found that”
Done correctly this is so powerful that you will find yourself in a conversation with a new friend, and that conversation has nothing to do with business.
Now the artistry kicks in: the “Smoozing”, or small talk, can take just a few seconds or much longer depending on the customer’s level of defensiveness. Remember to listen carefully if a customer talks about themselves. Repeating a personal detail back to them sometime later in the sale proves that you listened. i.e. “When your daughter gets home next week, she will love this” and goes a long way in building confidence.
With this as your foundation, most customers will make the transition to business without help, which is a “buying signal” in itself. If the customer is slow to make the transition, the salesperson needs to judge when the time is right.
Strangely enough you have now earned the right to ask, AS A NEW FRIEND (not a salesperson), what brings them into your store. Their response will be much more positive if you have done your job, lowered their defences and earned the right to ask the question.
From here we would follow the “railroad track” of a sale:
- Probing or qualifying
- Trial close
- Handling objections
- Closing the sale
- Adding on
- Confirmations and invitations.
Constructing a sales process is critical for success; arguably the first step that I have spent so much time explaining here is the most important. Without a solid foundation of trust and confidence between you and your customer, it will make the whole process more difficult and frustrating for both of you.
What sales techniques do you find effective? As a customer, what kind of approach do you appreciate?
I have been reading with interest the comments on the “can I help you” post. Personally, from 20+ years of retail experience (sales, training, management and ownership) I can verify this is the number one block to a successful sales experience for both the customer and the salesperson.
Teaching a salesperson to avoid the phrase or anything that sounds like that phrase MUST be the first goal of any training program.
Substituting the phrase with “what brings you in today?” “What are you looking for?” “Can I show you something?” blah, blah, blah does not help one bit. Yes. You’ve changed the question, but not the premise behind it.
The fact is; your customer is expecting to hear “Can I help you?” so even if you ask “Is it raining outside?” or “Ever run through Rome wearing nothing but shoulder pads and goat leggings?” – two out of five customers will respond “No thanks. I’m just looking”. The reality is, they’re paying very little attention to what you’re saying.
In my world of retail electronics in the 80’s, it was such a competitive environment that every new sales trainee was told in no uncertain terms that “if I hear anything that sounds like can I help you, what brings you in today etc. you are “fired”, no second chances.
So… “WHY” does this happen? Why are customers so resistant when first entering a store? They presumably have an interest or need for something your store has to offer. They recognize that at one point they will have to interact with an employee at some point.
So why the “FEAR”?
“Can I help you” is conditioning from our past, it screams “SALESMAN, SALESMAN, BEWARE, BEWARE”
It is only in relatively recent times, as our population and the quantity and the variety of available goods has exploded, that competition for customers and profit has taken centre stage. Previous to this, “sales” consisted mainly of order taking. You usually went to a General Store. You knew what you wanted. You asked for it or picked it out, paid for it, and you were out the door.
Simple. And emblematic of a simpler time.
There was little or no competition, little selection, and everyone “knew the rules”. “Can I help you” was genuine, expected and accepted as a sincere gesture in a kinder, gentler time.
The competition for customers and profit produced the “Salesperson” as a ruthless, conniving, sleazy, fast talking individual that would be expected to lie, cheat and steal to take all your money and give you little or nothing in return. This was heightened and broadcast by Television caricatures of the “used car salesman” with the loud clothes and fast talking style that everyone hated. Unfortunately due to ignorance and inadequate training “Can I help you” was carried forward
Fast forward to today: most everyone entering a store is programmed to expect a fast-talking, insincere individual who will attack immediately and force them to buy items they don’t want or need. Before they ever enter the store, they consciously or unconsciously prep themselves, raising their defences, and mutter to themselves (figuratively) “I’ll just tell him to get lost”.
And so “Can I help you” has come to mean “I see you and I’m going to pressure you into a 200-year extended warranty”. And “No thanks I’m just looking” has come to mean “Not a chance. Get away from me”.
My next post will cover the solution to this ever present challenge in today’s retail environment and explain the right way to approach your customers.
I’m a very methodical (and slow) shopper. This is especially true for big-ticket or important items. Before I make such a purchase, I spend hours researching various products. When I have made my shortlist of suitable options, I read every available online review to check for potential shortcomings. Finally, I head in-store to evaluate the possibilities in person. Finally, I make my purchase and head home…
…where I re-research the product again.
It sounds a little nutty…but chances are you’ve probably done this too.
According to a recent article by the Marketing Science Institute, my behaviour is a classic example of the well-documented “post-purchase bias”. The bias was first discovered by Ehrlich et al. in a 1957 study. They found that new car buyers read more advertisements for the car they had just purchased than for the cars that they had considered, but not purchased. This effect has been reproduced many times and is considered to be one of the most robust findings in consumer behaviour.
Why do we do this? By re-affirming the reasons for our initial purchase, we defend the wisdom of our acquisition and are able to allay the dreaded “buyer’s remorse”.
More recently, researchers have discovered that we also distort product information to reinforce our decision after a sale. When presented with such information, we ignore the bad and inflate the good. More importantly, because this interpretation is self-driven, we are more likely to believe in these positive evaluations.
This has big implications for business. Traditionally, we think of marketing as something that occurs before the sale. However, this study suggests that marketing is just as important after the sale has already occurred.
The MSI article outlines four implications for business:
1) Managers should always find ways to follow through after a recent purchase. Good customer service practices aside – when customers are given more information about a product, they positively interpret this information to create a stronger brand preference.
2) This follow-up should take place as soon as possible after the initial purchase, while the customer still feels strongly about the product.
3) After the initial purchase, we are likely to hear from some customers again – some products may be returned, others may require repair, or the customer may need additional instructions. Every encounter offers businesses the chance to strengthen the customer’s product preference.
4) The best kind of marketing is free-marketing – specifically when customers talk to friends about their experiences. The more post-purchase follow-up, the more loyal the customer, and the more likely they are to offer positive feedback regarding the product. Most importantly, because they are passionate about the product, this feedback is inherently more believable.
Remember: Your work as a retailer doesn’t end when the customer reaches the cash register – it has only just begun.
Do you research products you’ve already purchased? How does your business market itself to existing customers?
You may, (or may not) recall that a couple of weeks ago in “The Basics of Analytics“, we started to look at Google Analytics, trying to decipher what these metrics really mean. Below is part two of that post.
As the name would imply, this is the rate at which people end up on one of your pages then ricochet off to another site entirely. The bounce rate is the percentage of people who view one of the pages on your site, then immediately exit. So… by definition, the number of pages per visit for “bouncers” is going to be a grand total of … one.
You can assume that if they land on one of your pages then jump to another site entirely, they didn’t get what they wanted, or landed on one of your pages by accident.
If you find that you have a high bounce rate, you likely need to work on your content, ensuring that on every page you have resonating copy that provides a reason to continue to explore.
Average time on site
Well… if this one is a struggle to understand, you might as well pack it up.
As you would assume, Average time on site means, very simply, the average total length of time that each visitor spends on your site. How do you break this down and what does it mean?
It could mean one of two things; a) you have a really interested prospect sitting on your site for ten minutes, genuinely engaged and enthralled by all of the information you have presented. Or b) your visitor is completely lost, desperately trying to find relevant information.
And how can you tell the difference? Look at your pages visited against total time on site. If they’re spending thirty seconds each on twenty different pages, they’re likely not all that engaged and may not be finding what it is they’re looking for. You would much rather have a page or two where your visitor is spending several minutes actually collecting and digesting the information you have provided. If you have twenty minutes on one page with little content, your visitor suffers from narcolepsy.
% New Visits
As the grouping name would suggest, % of New Visits tells you what percentage of your total visits are from new visitors.
Is a high percentage of new visits a good thing? Of course it is. It means that word about your site is travelling. Of course, if your site is one where you want continual revisits and your % of new is 99… that’s not a good thing. At all.
Make note that the new visit percentage is based on IP addresses. If Bob clears the cookies from his browser and visits your site, his visit will count as new. The reality is that people do, in fact (or should) clear cookies out of their browser with some frequency, so this number tends to be lacking in guarantee.
The best use of this number is as it relates to promotions – internet or otherwise. If you’ve engaged in a Google Adwords program, this number absolutely must increase, and should increase immediately. Likewise, any traditional advertising where your website address is promoted should result in a heavy increase in new visit percentage. If not, your promotion isn’t working. Plain and simple.
And there is your basic lesson on Google Analytics. My next post will go into more depth, covering some of the more granular tools that Analytics offers and (hopefully) helping you to decipher the information that will be of most help to you.
“If we wanted to figure out if a customer is pregnant, even if she didn’t want us to know, can you do that?”
This was the question posted to Target statistician Andrew Pole, as recounted in the New York Times article “How companies learn your secrets”. New parents have always been a boon for “one-stop” retailers like Target, as this life-change offers a small opportunity to alter engrained buying habits. “Coming in for diapers? Might as well pick up some supper too.” The competition for new parents’ attention is so fierce that Target wanted to get a jump on their competition and begin their marketing efforts before baby was even born.
And Pole delivered. He analyzed women’s purchase history and identified 25 products (pre-natal vitamins, maternity wear, etc.) that when considered together, generated a “pregnancy prediction score”. This allowed him to estimate who was a mommy-to-be, and approximately when she was due. Target then created custom “mommy-themed” flyers and coupons, disguised as regular flyers, and sent them specifically to these women, who were unaware of their data-gleaned origins.
And Target is not the only retailer doing this. As the article explains, “Almost every major retailer, from grocery chains to investment banks to the U.S. Postal Service, has a “predictive analytics” department devoted to understanding not just consumers’ shopping habits but also their personal habits, so as to more efficiently market to them.”
Does this story give you pause? Or does the prospect of a tailored-deal excite you? Either way, just wait. Those predictive analytics departments are about to get a whole lot more in-your-face thanks to mobile wallets.
The internet has been awash with talk of mobile wallets. (For the uninitiated, Jen’s post ‘The Next Step’ provides a great introduction). People are quick to talk about their convenience, the “coolness” of the technology, their lighter pockets. But less often do they mention the real reason for their existence; marketing.
A few weeks ago, I read an article that explained how RBC is poised to be the first Canadian bank to offer mobile wallets, possibly as a soon as October. Interestingly, this article also spoke at great length of the marketing advantages of the technology.
Retailers will now be able to collect purchase-data more easily than ever before, tailoring promotions to specific consumers. Combine this with your smartphone’s location-aware technology and retailers can now text you their latest flyer when you are near their store. Or alert you of their lunch special.
There are obvious advantages for both merchants and consumers alike, and it might be nice to walk into your favourite store and be provided with a list of on-sale items, or a coupon. We won’t know how this latest evolution of analytics will play out, but one thing’s for sure – we’ll all be watching. Oh, and so will they.
Do you think predictive analytics improve the retailer/customer dynamic? Or, are they an invasion of privacy?
Who doesn’t like a sale? I know I do! But did you know that not all sales are created equal (even when they are)? When it comes to sales, it turns out it’s more about perception than reality.
Last week, the Economist featured an interesting article which recounted the results of a University of Minnesota study on discounting. And because game-show-esque examples are more fun than regurgitating conclusions from a journal, it’s time to play:
Hmm. This is a tough one. Did you pick A? Most of the study participants did.
Unfortunately you have been misled, dear reader. The answer is…..
Both are equivalent deals.
This has interesting implications for retailers. If you are going to put a product on sale, science has clearly demonstrated that customers strongly prefer getting more of something for free, rather than saving money on a single item. In the study, the researchers sold 73% more of their product using the “more free” strategy.
Don’t fret if you got it wrong because you have a chance to redeem yourself in round 2. It’s once again time to play:
So what do you think this time? Are these deals the same? Most of the study’s participants thought so. (They both reference 33% after all…)
Nope. In this case, B is by far the better deal.
In the first example, we saw that customers prefer getting more of something rather than saving money on a single item. In this case, we see the same behaviour again, even when they would have saved a lot more money by choosing B.
As a retailer, you would actually stand to make more profit by offering a bit more of something for free, rather than offering a steep discount. Customers generally view the deals the same, so you might as well offer the one that is more profitable for you.
Okay, time for round three. You’ve got one last shot to redeem yourself. It’s time to play:
Now this is something I see all the time when I’m shopping. A previously discounted item has an additional discount applied to it.
What’s the better deal? The study’s participants thought A was…
And if you did too…you’d be 0/3.
Yes, they are equivalent deals!
As a retailer, this is good to know. Multiple discounts applied to the same product seem like better value, even though the cost to you is the same as one larger discount.
So why is this the case? Are we all that bad at math?
Basically…yes. And when reason goes out the window, it seems we rely on other less-reliable clues (i.e. more is always better).
Knowing these tricks could make the difference between a successful sale, and a not-so-successful one. It also offers a sneaky opportunity to compete with other retailers. Is your competitor discounting their widgets this weekend? Offer the same deal, but instead offer an equivalent amount of free bonus products and you’ll be stealing their customers in no time.
So remember, when you’re planning a sale, customers always want to feel like they got “more” for their money, even if they really got less. But don’t worry; they’ll thank you for it.
Have you used any of these pricing strategies? What has worked in your store?
Every weekday, I compile the best retail and technology news from Twitter into our “we get retail” Daily paper.li newspaper. Through my monitoring, I’ve noticed several technology trends that are poised to shape the retail industry like never before. I have compiled a list of my top five emerging retail technologies:
Tablet PCs are increasingly being used in retail environments to speed up sales. Couple this with mobile payments, and several interesting possibilities arise. Sales staff can help you find a product and ring it in, right on the sales floor, with no need to line up at the cash register. Product you need not in stock? Staff can check inventory levels right then and there, and tell you when the next shipment will arrive. I can see this technology becoming an invaluable customer service tool.
Most of us are already familiar with QR codes: “scan here to go to our website” or “scan here for our coupon of the day”. While QR codes are excellent promotional tools, businesses are also recognizing their benefits after the sale. For example, whirlpool includes QR codes on their dryers that link to animated instructions on the proper installation of vent material. QR codes can be used to provide usage instructions, replacement part numbers, contact information, etc. This customer friendly solution provides yet another way of promoting product entanglement, as well as maintaining brand integrity.
Apple’s passbook is an intriguing offering; it allows customers to electronically collect, store and organize store cards, gift cards, and coupons. Passbook uses the iPhone’s geo-location capability to identify when you’re in a particular store, and load the appropriate card. For example, it will load your Movie gift card when you enter the theatre, presenting it on-screen to be scanned. Aside from its obvious convenience, this technology makes it easy to carry your store loyalty cards (how many times have you signed up for something, but left the card at home?) It’s an interesting product for consumers and retailers alike.
Radio Frequency Identification is another new trend hitting the retail world, and widespread adoption is expected in the next 3-5 years. Inventory is tagged, and can be tracked at any point from warehouse to the storefront. Because locations are tracked in real time, RFID offers retailers unparalleled supply chain accuracy. The completeness of incoming shipments can be quickly assessed, rather than relying on random inspections. Other benefits include prevention of vendor fraud, administrative errors, and employee theft.
Nokia City Lens
Nokia’s City Lens (currently in beta) uses your smartphone camera and augmented reality technology to recognize your location and superimpose relevant information right on your screen. Wave your phone, and City Lens will identify nearby landmarks, restaurants, and shops near you. Imagine – customers wave their phone at your store front, and you are able to see your hours of operation, special sales, reviews, etc. It will provide unparalleled visibility to potential customers. When this takes hold, this could be a boon to retailers, or a bane for those unprepared.
Will these technologies impact the retail industry? What other technologies will be of use to consumers and retailers alike?